Montana's Agriculture
"As prehistoric peoples and American Indians have know for millennia, the land is the foundation and the focus of life in Montana"
- Dave Walter, Historian

In Montana where beef cattle outnumber people, agriculture is our business. In fact, it’s our number one industry, and growing. Our products, from wheat and barley to beef, are some of the highest quality in the world. Montana’s agricultural industry is constantly evolving to meet the needs of national and international consumers.

Montana and its producers work over 60 million acres of farmland, larger than the size of Minnesota, and generated $4.7 billion last year alone. Montana is a leading producer of certified organic wheat, dry peas, lentils and flax, and is home to a multi-million dollar honey and pollinating industry. Sweet cherries, sugar beets, seed potatoes, and hay are among some of the other crops grown in the state. Montana ingenuity is adding value to what we grow by producing bread, cereal, candies, jams, snacks, pasta, wine, and other quality specialty products consumed throughout the world. And remember, if you are drinking a good brew, it’s probably made out of Montana barley.


Quick Facts

  • Over 28,000 farms and ranches
  • Non-GMO wheat is Montana's #1 export
  • 3 of the top 10 seedstock operations in the US are in Montana
  • Montana ranks 6th in Honey production in the US
  • Approximately 2 million acres of irrigated farmland
  • 3124 mile rail system and 3,878 National Highway system miles
  • #6 in the nation for beef cattle
  • Ranked #1 in peas and lentils production

Industry Highlights




2015 Montana Economic Development Report

Governor's Office of Economic Development

This is an exciting time for the state of Montana. We are experiencing strong business and employment growth, increasing wages, and expanding industries. Unemployment levels are nearly a full percentage point below the national average at 4 percent, and more Montanans are at work all across the...